If You Are A Senior, These Might Be Your Health Concerns

If You Are A Senior, These Might Be Your Health Concerns_25

No matter who you are, health must be the most important thing in your life. Compared to the young, the seniors have more health concerns. Check through these common health concerns for seniors, and you can learn some basic knowledge that can help you or your families live a healthier life.

1. Arthritis

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Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. The most common symptoms of arthritis are joint pain, stiffness and swelling. These symptoms normally worsen with age. The reduction in the normal amount of the cartilage which is a connective tissue in your joints can cause arthritis. Commonly used arthritis medications include: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), counterirritants, steroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs(DMARDs) and so on. Physical therapy can also be helpful for some types of arthritis. But if conservative measures don't help, doctors may suggest surgery, such as: joint repair, joint replacement and joint fusion.

2. Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is a health condition which causes bones to become weak and more likely to break. There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have some symptoms such as loss of height, back pain and so on. Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.

3. Hypertension

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High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes.Around a third of adults in the UK have high blood pressure, although many will not realise it.Thus, measuring blood pressure regularly is necessary, because it is the only way to know whether you have high blood pressure. Remaining a healthy lifestyle in daily life can help to prevent high blood pressure, such as doing exercise, quitting smoking, releasing stress and so on.

4. Stroke

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A stroke is a serious life-threatening medical condition that happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Normally if a person has a stroke, his face, arms or speech may show the signs. The person may not be able to smile, or their mouth or eye may have dropped. He may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of weakness or numbness in one arm, and his speech may be slurred or garbled. By maintaining a healthy lifestyle, people can reduce the risk of having a stroke.

5. Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. Often, there are no symptoms of the underlying disease of the blood vessels. A heart attack or stroke may be the first sign. A healthy lifestyle can lower your risk of CVD. If you already have CVD, staying as healthy as possible can reduce the chances of it getting worse.

6. Heart disease

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Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, causing about 1 in 4 deaths. The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which can lead to heart attack.Heart disease symptoms depend on what type of heart disease you have. Generally, you may have chest pain, abnormal heartbeat, abnormal conditions of legs and arms and so on. The risk factors for developing heart disease include: age, family history, smoking, poor diet, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, stress and so on.

7. Diabetes

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Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. The general symptoms of diabetes include: increased hunger, increased thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, blurry vision, extreme fatigue. There are different types of diabetes, include: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, prediabetes and gestational diabetes. Most diabetes prevention strategies involve making simple adjustments to your diet and fitness routine.

8. Alzheimer’s disease

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Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. It is a progressive disease beginning with mild memory loss and possibly leading to loss of the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to the environment. Symptoms of the disease can first appear after age 60, and the risk increases with age. Memory loss, being unable to solve daily problems, and confusion with time or place are the warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease. If you notice your families or friends have these signs, you should advise them to see a doctor and get checked.

9. Depression

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Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. The common symptoms are persistent sadness, anxiety, feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism and so on. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.

10. Cancer

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread.Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity or excessive drinking of alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation, and environmental pollutants.

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